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How to Choose the Correct Excavator for Your Job

After bidding successfully and securing a new project, your next task is to procure all the necessary equipment for smooth execution of the job. One of the most critical equipment for any type of construction project is the excavator. Selecting the correct one, however, can be an ordeal because there are too many available options. This brief guide is intended to help you choose the correct excavator that will meet all the specific requirements of your job. The key is to match the excavator to the job you are looking to execute and the job site.

Performance Standards: The topmost criteria while choosing an excavator is to make sure that the equipment is good enough to get the job done. You need to look at the testing options and the hydraulic systems of the excavator, and be sure that it can deliver sufficient power for the necessary operations.

Excavators with powerful hydraulic systems will improve your productivity as well as efficiency. However, performance also depends on the support available for the job. While making the choice, please consider all the jobs your excavator is expected to perform. Two very important support options for you to consider are zero house swing or zero tail swing features. These configurations are very important because they allow excavator operators to work safely in areas close to obstacles, walls, and dig sites.  For the tail, zero swing allows excavators to move quickly with reduced probability of accidental impacts with surrounding machines, buildings, and objects. On the other hand, the zero-swing for housing helps operators avoid hitting the sides and front of the excavator while turning.

Match to the Site: While choosing your excavator, take into account all the demands and probable hazards associated to a typical project site. Please remember that different excavator models perform better on landscapes that are large and flat, rather than in urban environments with numerous obstacles around the site.

In addition to location, spare some time to think about the jobs you are most likely to perform. The right excavator for an average project must be able to perform functions such as digging, carrying, lifting, etc.

To match the excavator to your job requirements, consider the following specifications.

  • The excavator of your choice must have an engine that is powerful enough to accomplish all tasks. Compare the strength of different engines by evaluating their piston strokes and bore.
  • Avoid purchasing too heavy excavators because this may damage the site. While comparing weights, consider maximum operating weight. This covers the operator, equipment, and load options.
  • Buckets are one of the most functional components of an excavator. Therefore, before your purchase, check the maximum bucket capacity of the excavator and bucket types it supports.

Size is Important: Size is one of the most important selection criteria for excavators. Start your search by reviewing different types and sizes. Mentioned below are some top types for your consideration.

  • Mini or Compact: With weights varying between 5,000 lbs and approximately 7 tons, these are the most mobile excavators. This is undoubtedly the top choice for small jobs and projects with tight space requirements. These excavators require minimum space to maneuver and consume the lowest amount of power.
  • Standard: This category comprises of excavators weighing between seven and forty five tons. This type is considered to be the most versatile, and can function well in almost any working space. These excavators are extremely powerful; easy to transport, and cause almost no damage to the land it crosses.
  • Heavy: The weight of these excavators can be as high as almost eighty tons. These machines are used mostly in large scale industrial and major construction projects. Trailers are required to move these excavators from one project site to another.

Operator Comfort: In order to ensure efficient functioning of the machine, you must also take operator comfort into account. Many excavators focus on this aspect by providing ergonomic chairs and control features. Your excavator should have plenty of room and provide easy access to all the features and controls. Opt for cabs with adjustable seats that allow lateral movement for more comfort and flexibility. Depending on the climate of your area, you may choose excavators with heating and air conditioning systems.

Right Tools for Your Job: You need a versatile machine for performing activities beyond just digging. Depending on the nature of your job, consider the attachments supported by the excavator.

  • Buckets: The most versatile extension for excavators, buckets are available in different styles for ditch cleaning, digging, and many other applications.
  • Couplers: These attachments allow machines to move between different tasks by quickly switching the tools.
  • Rippers: Useful for breaking up hard soil, and used commonly for pipeline support and trenching.
  • Hammers: Used mostly for demolition jobs such as taking down a building quickly.

Additional Features: Before finalising your purchase, here are some secondary features you may consider.

  • Anti-vandalism features: This feature allows users to lock different locations and parts on the machine so that it cannot be used and no component can be removed.
  • Power modes: Power distribution modes include options for the boom and attachments, and allow users to increase the level of performance.
  • Hydraulic controls: This feature allows operators to bring more precision in movements and simplifies the machine’s overall operation.

Since our inception in 2004, we have been providing all types of excavators and other heavy equipment to our ever expanding pool of clients. Please contact our experts today to select the most appropriate excavator for your project.