How Use of Technology in Construction is Reshaping the Industry
Right from the earliest days of human civilisation, construction is one area where technology has been used with great effect. Just imagine today’s construction sites without technology. We would have still been drilling holes and cutting boards by hand because of the absence of power tools. Lack of heavy equipment would have forced the labourers to still use shovels and pickaxes for digging trenches and excavating sites.
Today, the development of new construction technologies continues at a breakneck pace. Technologies such as telematics, connected equipment and tools, robots, drones, autonomous heavy equipment, mobile apps, 3D printing, augmented and virtual reality, are now being applied extensively in jobsites around the world. In this brief article, we take a look at how and where technology in construction is improving the industry.
Productivity: The productivity in the construction sector has remained flat for decades because the traditional design-bid-build method makes it disjointed and siloed. Advent of several new technologies has now made it possible for construction sites to enhance their productivity.
- Software and mobile apps: Software and mobile solutions are now available for managing every aspect of construction projects. Be it field reporting, project management, or back office management, there’s a software solution for streamlining every process and enhancing its productivity.
- Offsite Construction: This construction technology is applied mostly in projects that have repetitive layouts or floorplans in their design. The components are built offsite and installed or assembled later in the jobsite. This assembly plant construction methodology not only makes the workers more productive, but also reduces waste.
- AI and Machine Learning: Better decisions, improved jobsite safety, increased productivity, and reduced risks are some of the most important benefits of using machine learning systems and artificial intelligence (AI).
Safety and Training: These are two more areas of the construction industry where technology has made a serious positive impact.
- AR and VR: Virtual reality (VR) can be used in equipment operator training and safety training by providing workers exposure to all types of possible working environments. Augmented reality (AR) is now used extensively to improve construction site safety.
- Wearables: Construction wearables outfitted with voltage detectors, Wi-Fi, location trackers, GPS, and biometrics and environmental sensors can be used for monitoring posture, repetitive motions, workers’ movements, and slips and falls.
- Site Sensors: Site sensors are employed these days across the construction sites for monitoring volatile organic compounds, dust particulates, noise levels, and temperature to ensure worker safety.
Collaboration: Being a highly fragmented industry, it can be extremely difficult to get all the stakeholders in a construction project under on the same page. However, use of modern technology has taken care of this problem to a great extent.
- Mobile Technology: The ability to communicate in real time via smartphones and mobile apps ensures that jobsite issues are resolved effectively and quickly.
- Building Information Modelling (BIM): This advanced process incorporates buildings in the form of digital representations as 3D models for improved communication amongst the stakeholders of a project.
Honestly speaking, technology is everywhere in the construction industry and it is impossible to cover everything in this brief discussion. If you want to find out more about construction technology or equipment, please visit K and G Machinery.