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Simple Tips for Wheel Loader Inspection

In the recent years, technological development has resulted in serious evolution of many heavy equipment including wheel loaders. The loaders used these days have enhanced functionality and significantly higher productivity compared to their predecessors. Modern day loaders are used for many different industrial applications including, but not limited to material handling, mining, recycling, and landscaping. 

Typically, wheel loaders have a staple bucket at the front, just like the classic front-end loaders. However, modern versions of this machine may come equipped with additional features such as a mast forklift or a grapple. Wheel loaders with these features are now readily available for sale. You may also modify your existing machine to enjoy these features. If you are planning to purchase a new or used wheel loader, there are certain factors that you need to consider and this is where wheel loader inspection comes in.  

Mentioned below are some wheel loader inspection tips to help you make an informed decision. 

Inspection of the Cab

If you are planning to purchase a pre-owned front-end loader, its cab is the first thing that should be inspected. The cab’s condition is a clear indication of how it was treated by the previous owner.  If the condition of the cab is poor, other parts of the loader is likely to be the same.  

While inspecting the cab, be sure to check the stability of the ladder. Also, thoroughly check the condition of the seat, foot pedals, and joystick of the cab. The hour meter reading of the cab should also be noted.  

Now, start the machine to find out whether all the backup alarms and gauges are in proper working condition. If the loader is not properly lubricated, there will be sounds while operating the bucket and other attachments. This is certainly a red flag because improper lubrication leads to serious wear and even equipment failure.

Inspection of the Bucket:    

The bucket is one of the most important components of a wheel loader, and you must spend some time inspecting it. Start your inspection from the front end of the bucket and find out if there are any loose or missing bucket teeth.  Check the bucket’s side panels and its leading edge. Examine the repairs and welds that have been made and find out if there are any cracks or signs of wear and tear. For loaders with a coupling system connecting the lift arms to the bucket, check for any loose pins and worn bushings on the coupling system. Finally, check their cylinder condition and look for any damage on the lift arms.

Engine Condition:

Before purchasing any loader, you should also check its engine and find out if any leaks or loose belts are visible. Don’t forget to check the air filter and see when it was last serviced. Ideally, for a front-end loader, it is recommended to replace the air filters after every 100 hours of operation. 

Hydraulic System Inspection: 

While inspecting the hydraulic systems, check the hose and the cylinders for any signs of damage. Hydraulic systems with damaged cylinders are likely lead to leakage of fluid.

Centre Articulation Point Inspection:

The centre articulation point of a loader is found under the cab, at the centre of the machine. Find out if there are any signs of excessive use and if any damages have resulted from it. 

If you are planning to buy a wheel loader, be sure to get in touch with our team at K and G Machinery.